Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is a disease of the retina.
The retina is the “film” of the eye which captures the images we see, before sending them to the brain. The retina covers the entire back surface of the eye. Macular degeneration typically affects only the central part of the retina, called the “macula.” This region operates our sharpest central vision and color vision.
Macular degeneration is the leading cause of legal blindness in the US, in patients over 60.
Many people with macular degeneration maintain good vision. But this common disease can make it difficult for patients to perform routine activities such as reading and driving.
There are two forms of macular degeneration: wet or dry.
Both cause devastating visual loss by creating a scar in the
central retina (the macula). The wet type provokes the majority of the severe cases. This form of the disease produces abnormal, leaking blood vessels. The dry form of AMD is more common, less severe, and usually causes a gradual loss of vision. Dry AMD may be caused by white/yellow fatty deposits accumulating under retinal tissue.